Walid Darwish Zamzam was born in 1972 in Lebanon to a family of Palestinian refugees. The family was very large, with eleven brothers and sisters. His father was an Islamic healer who used herbal medicine as well as Hejama or wet cupping, and Mr. Zamzam learned these techniques from him. In addition, he qualified in Lebanon as a staff nurse. Since immigrating to England, Mr. Zamzam has become a leading advocate of Hejama, holding frequent workshops on the topic throughout the U. K. and abroad and practicing it on a regular basis. He also practices Islamic exorcism (Ruqiya), and in fact sees no sharp border between the two kinds of healing.